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    Smart eating: Carbohydrate Counting for Indian Foods When a person uses carbohydrate counting, the focus is on the carbohydrate in the food. This is due to the fact that carbohydrate raises your blood glucose much more rapidly than the other two macronutrients that provide calories; protein and fat (excluding alcohol, which is not a macronutrient). Following is a more complete list of the food groups whose calories are mainly from carbohydrate: • Starches: rice, pasta, bread, cereal, crackers • Starchy vegetables: potatoes, corn, green peas, beans and lentils • Fruit and fruit juices • Non Starchy vegetables: spinach, tomatoes, cauliflower • Dairy Foods: yogurt, milk, and other dairy foods • Sweets / Desserts: cakes, cookies, candy • Beverages high in sugar Carbohydrate Counting and Blood Glucose Control? Blood glucose levels are directly related to the amount of carbohydrate one eats. If the amount of carbohydrate is tracked at meals and snacks, and the blood glucose levels are taken before and two hours after the meal; a trend or pattern will emerge. Keeping an eye on the carbohydrate intake daily and eating the same amount each day, will assist in maintaining the blood glucose levels within the target range. How much Carbohydrate should a person eat? For a female, a basic rule of thumb for estimating the carbohydrate servings is approximately 45-60 grams of carbohydrate, or three to four carbohydrate servings per meal. For males, it is four to five carbohydrate servings per meal or 60-75 grams of carbohydrate per meal. Tips for Successful Carbohydrate Counting • Educate Yourself: Attend support group meetings on diabetes and obesity offered at “Obesity and diabetes clinic” of Asian institute of gastroenterology, Hyderabad (Enquire at +91-9866646942 or mail to us aig.bariatric@gmail.com). • Start small: Pay attention to portion size, Learn what average portion sizes look like and avoid large meals when eating out. Share your meal when eating out. • Learn to read the nutrition facts label • Be consistent • Find Technology that works for you and use it: You may use the Lose it i-phone app to look up food’s carbohydrate counts. • Figure out what you can’t eat: Most people with diabetes can eat anything in moderation, but carbohydrate counters sometimes find foods that just aren’t worth the glucose spikes. • Study your body • Plan it out • When you are at a restaurant. Learn how to improvise • Be smart about mindless munching
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    BMR vs RMR Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) and Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) are rates used to estimate the amount of calories a person will burn if he is at rest for 24 hours. Â It is used to determine the minimum amount of energy a person requires to keep his body functioning, his heart beating, his lungs breathing and to keep his body temperature normal. They are conducted the same way but there are very many differences between the two; one is that BMR is measured under more restrictive conditions, while RMR is measured under less restrictive conditions. There are many requirements before a person’s Basal Metabolic Rate can be taken, while taking a person’s Resting Metabolic Rate has no requirements at all. Here are some of the features of the two metabolic rates: *Basal Metabolic Rate* Basal Metabolic Rate is the rate that an organism gives off heat while at complete rest. Â It is measured while the person is awake but at complete rest. Â It is often conducted in a darkened room upon a person’s waking up after at least 8 hours of sleep. To get the correct BMR of a person, it is important that he does not exert any extra energy while doing the test. Â This is why a person who is being subjected to a BMR test is required to stay at the testing facility the night prior to the test. He is made to lie in a reclining position, resting completely. Â He is required to fast for 12 hours before testing to ensure that his digestive system is not working during the procedure. Â During this time the energy released by his body should only be sufficient to let his vital body organs to function. *Resting Metabolic Rate* Also known as Resting Energy Expenditure (REE), Resting Metabolic Rate is measured under less restrictive conditions than Basal Metabolic Rate. Â It does not require the person to spend the night in the testing facility to ensure at least 8 hours of sleep and rest before testing. He is still required to rest in a reclining position while the test is being taken but he does not need to get 8 hours of sleep. Calorie counters and calculators usually use Resting Metabolic Rate rather than Basal Metabolic Rate because the conditions upon which the RMR rates are taken reflect the normal situation in a person’s day to day activities. Â So the results are more realistic. Summary 1. Basal Metabolic Rate is taken under very restrictive conditions, while Resting Metabolic Rate is taken under less restrictive conditions. 2. Before the Basal Metabolic Rate is taken, the person is required to stay at the testing facility, while in taking the Resting Metabolic Rate; the person can stay wherever he wants. 3. Basal Metabolic Rate requires the person to have at least 8 hours of sleep, while Resting Metabolic Rate does not. 4. Twelve hours of fasting is required before the Basal Metabolic Rate can be taken, while no fasting is required before taking the Resting Metabolic Rate.
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    It was a usual Sunday morning; I was back home just after finishing my long cycling ride along hussainsagar and grabbed my freshly prepared ginger lemon tea. Like many i scrolled through my daily newspaper “Telemarketing of India”, I have given this name to one of the highest distributed newspaper because their 80% content is advertorial and remaining is news including few pictorial erotic stories of some detectives (this is what they are feeding to the biggest republic population). Coming to the point what grabbed my attention was two front full page advertisement of an energy bar (to me it’s just another sugar candy). To be honest I have tried them lately and they are really awesome and addictive and doesn't cost much to pocket. It made me think about their business strategy and huge amount they spend on marketing, so I decided to make some research on the facts behind huge chocolate industry. End results of which were more shocking than surprising, hence I decided to share it with world. So here is “bitter truth about chocolates”. 1. You are eating lead: Wooooooo surprised to hear that, you must be wondering when most of the countries have banned leaded petrol how come its being consumed through chocolates. Well, it just so happens that the shells of cocoa beans, the chief ingredient in chocolate, have an almost supernatural ability to absorb lead from the air. Of course, this is only a big deal if there's a lot of lead in the air, right? Sure, which is why it's unfortunate that Nigeria , where a shitload of our cocoa comes from, still has lead in their gasoline. That's why a Hershey bar tastes so damn good: The secret ingredient is African exhaust. Kids absorb higher concentrations of lead into their system than the rest of us, just through their day to day activities of eating dirt and inhaling paint chips. Also, they breathe faster than an adult, which further draws in whatever lead happens to be floating around and sends it toward their sensitive little brains. Even before they start wailing on that candy, they have more lead in their bodies than Vito Corleone. Then comes Halloween and Christmas and then new year and story continues. 2. Ridiculous Lies About Health Benefits While it may not surprise you that much that Big Chocolate, like any "Big" industry, doesn't give a crap about your welfare, the lengths these companies go to step over your bloated, greasy corpse to raid your wallet rank with some of the stupidest and most nefarious in the business world. Milton Hershey, for instance, often claimed that "an ounce of chocolate provided more energy than a pound of meat." He even made a wrapper for his bar stating it. Mars made a pamphlet instead that claimed eating chocolate every day was about as good as eating an apple a day. What do you think is the biggest chocolate company in the world? Hershey, right? Wrong. Mars, Inc. is four times the size of Hershey (they make the Milky Way, Snickers, Mars Bar, plus countless other products). And they got there via pure insanity. 3. It’s all about business The global chocolate industry in 2010 made $83.2 billion, $20 billion of this coming from the United States and Each year, 600,000 tonnes of cocoa beans are consumed globally. 72% of cocoa beans come from Ivory Coast and Ghana. Other producers of cocoa beans are Indonesia, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Brazil. A 2001 survey of chocolate companies in the United States, which includes Hershey’s and Mars, both use “large amounts” of Ivory Coast cocoa beans. As there are 600,000 cocoa farms in the Ivory Coast (40 % supplier), it is not definitive, but very likely, that cocoa products from these companies are harvested by child slave labour. US State Department estimates number of child labourer could be 109,000. 4. Facts · The WHO recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar per day. A food is considered high in sugar if it contains more than 15g of total sugars per 100g. A food is considered low in sugar if it contains 5g of total sugars per 100g. Read the nutrition label, look for ‘Carbohydrates of which sugars’ and at how many grams of sugar per portion/bar/biscuit/pot. Each 4 grams of sugar is equal to 1 teaspoon. Sugar Content of Common Foods Bottle of coke 500ml – 10.5 tsp sugar Snickers Bar – 7 tsp sugar Bowl of crunchy nut cornflakes – 4 tsp sugar Tablespoon ketchup – 1 tsp sugar Glass orange juice (150ml) – 2.5 tsp sugar Can red bull – 6 tsp sugar Kelloggs Nutri Grain bar – 3 tsp sugar Dr Abhishek katakwar is a fitness enthusiast, life style advisor, obesity expert and bariatric and metabolic surgeon at Asian institute of gastroenterology, Hyderabad. Email:abhishekkatakwar@gmail.com cell:8087358725
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    It was a usual Sunday morning; I was back home just after finishing my long cycling ride along hussainsagar and grabbed my freshly prepared ginger lemon tea. Like many i scrolled through my daily newspaper “Telemarketing of India”, I have given this name to one of the highest distributed newspaper because their 80% content is advertorial and remaining is news including few pictorial erotic stories of some detectives (this is what they are feeding to the biggest republic population). Coming to the point what grabbed my attention was two front full page advertisement of an energy bar (to me it’s just another sugar candy). To be honest I have tried them lately and they are really awesome and addictive and doesn't cost much to pocket. It made me think about their business strategy and huge amount they spend on marketing, so I decided to make some research on the facts behind huge chocolate industry. End results of which were more shocking than surprising, hence I decided to share it with world. So here is “bitter truth about chocolates”. 1. You are eating lead: Wooooooo surprised to hear that, you must be wondering when most of the countries have banned leaded petrol how come its being consumed through chocolates. Well, it just so happens that the shells of cocoa beans, the chief ingredient in chocolate, have an almost supernatural ability to absorb lead from the air. Of course, this is only a big deal if there's a lot of lead in the air, right? Sure, which is why it's unfortunate that Nigeria , where a shitload of our cocoa comes from, still has lead in their gasoline. That's why a Hershey bar tastes so damn good: The secret ingredient is African exhaust. Kids absorb higher concentrations of lead into their system than the rest of us, just through their day to day activities of eating dirt and inhaling paint chips. Also, they breathe faster than an adult, which further draws in whatever lead happens to be floating around and sends it toward their sensitive little brains. Even before they start wailing on that candy, they have more lead in their bodies than Vito Corleone. Then comes Halloween and Christmas and then new year and story continues. 2. Ridiculous Lies About Health Benefits While it may not surprise you that much that Big Chocolate, like any "Big" industry, doesn't give a crap about your welfare, the lengths these companies go to step over your bloated, greasy corpse to raid your wallet rank with some of the stupidest and most nefarious in the business world. Milton Hershey, for instance, often claimed that "an ounce of chocolate provided more energy than a pound of meat." He even made a wrapper for his bar stating it. Mars made a pamphlet instead that claimed eating chocolate every day was about as good as eating an apple a day. What do you think is the biggest chocolate company in the world? Hershey, right? Wrong. Mars, Inc. is four times the size of Hershey (they make the Milky Way, Snickers, Mars Bar, plus countless other products). And they got there via pure insanity. 3. It’s all about business The global chocolate industry in 2010 made $83.2 billion, $20 billion of this coming from the United States and Each year, 600, 000 tonnes of cocoa beans are consumed globally. 72% of cocoa beans come from Ivory Coast and Ghana. Other producers of cocoa beans are Indonesia, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Brazil. A 2001 survey of chocolate companies in the United States, which includes Hershey’s and Mars, both use “large amounts” of Ivory Coast cocoa beans. As there are 600, 000 cocoa farms in the Ivory Coast (40 % supplier), it is not definitive, but very likely, that cocoa products from these companies are harvested by child slave labour. US State Department estimates number of child labourer could be 109, 000. 4. Facts · The WHO recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar per day. A food is considered high in sugar if it contains more than 15g of total sugars per 100g. A food is considered low in sugar if it contains 5g of total sugars per 100g. Read the nutrition label, look for ‘Carbohydrates of which sugars’ and at how many grams of sugar per portion/bar/biscuit/pot. Each 4 grams of sugar is equal to 1 teaspoon. Sugar Content of Common Foods Bottle of coke 500ml – 10.5 tsp sugar Snickers Bar – 7 tsp sugar Bowl of crunchy nut cornflakes – 4 tsp sugar Tablespoon ketchup – 1 tsp sugar Glass orange juice (150ml) – 2.5 tsp sugar Can red bull – 6 tsp sugar Kelloggs Nutri Grain bar – 3 tsp sugar Dr Abhishek katakwar is a fitness enthusiast, life style advisor, obesity expert and bariatric and metabolic surgeon at Asian institute of gastroenterology, Hyderabad. Email:abhishekkatakwar@gmail.com cell:8087358725 For more info visit us at http://drabhishekkatakwar.com/bizFloat/5a151fffa677470a7cc3118d/It-was-a-usual-Sunday-morning-I-was-back-home-just-after-finishing-my-long-cycling-ride-along-hussainsagar-and-grabbed-my-freshly-prepared-ginger-lemon-tea-Like-many-i-scrolled-through-my-daily-newspaper-Te
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